Indian Institute of Technology termed as IIT is India’s Premium & Top engineering colleges offer UG, PG & Doctoral degree programs in various streams. By the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961, these IITs are declared as institutions of national importance. At present there are eighteen IITs located at Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Roorkee, Bhubaneswar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Mandi, Patna, Ropar, Varanasi, Tirupati, & Palakkad. There are other four IITs, in which academic year is being started from 2016. Each IIT is an autonomous institution, linked to the others through a common IIT Council, which oversees their administration. The Union HRD Minister is the ex-officio Chairperson of IIT Council.
The IITs have a common admission process for undergraduate admissions, called IIT-JEE, which was replaced by Joint Entrance Examination Advanced in 2013.
The post-graduate levels program that awards M.Tech, MS degrees in engineering is administered by the older IITs (Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Roorkee, Varanasi, Guwahati). M.Tech and MS admissions are done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).
In addition to B.Tech, M.Tech and MS programs, IITs also award other graduate degrees such as M.Sc in Maths, Physics and Chemistry, MBA, PhD etc. Admission to these programs of IITs is done through Common Admission Test (CAT), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED).
IIT Guwahati and IIT Bombay offer undergraduate design programmes as well. Joint Seat Allocation Authority 2015 (JoSAA 2015) conducted the joint admission process for a total of 18 IITs & ISM Dhanbad.
List of IIT Colleges
||1963 (founded in 1961)
||2001 (founded in 1847)
||IIT (BHU) Varanasi
||2012 (founded in 1919)
||IIT (ISM) Dhanbad
||Got status of IIT on 6 Sep 2016 (founded in 1926)
||IIT Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
||Jammu and Kashmir
||IIT Dharwad, Karnataka
||IIT Bhilai, Chhattisgarh
Notable IITs Alumni
- R. Narayana Murthy (co-founder and former chairman of Infosys),
- Rajendra S. Pawar (co-founder and Chairman of NIIT),
- Vinod Khosla (co-founder, Sun Microsystems),
- Ajit Gupta (founder, president and CEO of Aryaka),
- Anurag Dikshit (co-founder of PartyGaming)
- Suhas S. Patil (founder and Chairman Emeritus Cirrus Logic Inc.)
- Gunjan Sinha, (co-founder of eGain and MetricStream)
- Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal, (founders of Flipkart, one of the biggest e-commerce firms in India.)
- Sumant Sinha, businessman
- Rajat Gupta (former Managing Director, McKinsey),
- Nikesh Arora(Vice Chairman of Soft Bank Corp. and CEO of Soft Bank Internet and Media, Inc. (SIMI)),
- Sundar Pichai (CEO, Google)
- Krishan Kant (former Vice-President of India),
- Manohar Parrikar (Current Defense Minister of India, former Chief Minister of Goa),
- Jayant Sinha, Union Minister of State for Finance, Government of India, former Partner at McKinsey & Company and Managing Director at Omidyar Network
- Arvind Kejriwal (former Indian Revenue Service officer and the present Chief Minister of Delhi).
- Jairam Ramesh was former union minister in Ministry of Environment and Forests and Minister of Rural Development.
- Duvvuri Subbarao was the Former Governor of Reserve Bank of India,
- Raghuram Rajan is the Current Governor of Reserve Bank of India,
- Chetan Bhagat is an author, columnist, screenwriter, and speaker.
Interesting Facts About IITs
- The first Indian Institute of Technology was founded in May 1950 at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur. On 15 September 1956
- The President of India is the most powerful person in the organisational structure of IITs, being the ex officio Visitor.
- ISM Dhanbad, which was founded in 1926, got status of IIT on 6 Sep 2016.
- In 2014, six new IITs were announced by the Indian Government.
- IIT Tirupati and IIT Palakkad started functioning in June 2015.
- After the student agitations in the state of Assam made Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi promise the creation of a new IIT in Assam. This led to a sixth campus at Guwahati under the Assam Accord in 1994.
- The University of Roorkee, India’s oldest engineering college was conferred IIT status in 2001.
- The IITs receive comparatively higher grants than other engineering colleges in India.
- The IITs and IISc have taken an initiative along with Ministry of Human Resource Development to provide free online videos of actual lectures of different disciplines under National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning. This initiative is undertaken to make quality education accessible to all students. The lectures can be accessed at nptel.iitm.ac.in
- Students in all IITs must choose between National Cadet Corps (NCC), National Service Scheme (NSS) and National Sports Organisation (NSO) in their first years.
- An Inter IIT Sports Meet is organized annually where participants from all 16 IITs contest for the General Championship Trophy in 13 different sports.
- All IITs organise annual technical festivals, typically lasting three or four days.
- Annual cultural festivals are also organised by the IITs and last three to four days.
- Degrees provided by IITs need not be recognised by the AICTE.
- The IIT-JEE (Now known as JEE-Advanced) and GATE are two important & popular exams conducted by IITs.
- Nationwide, most IITs are ranked above any other engineering colleges in India in engineering education rankings.
- Worldwide, the only six institutes in India ranked in the top 300 of the QS World University Rankings of 2015 are IISc Bangalore (at 147) and 5 IITs, IIT Delhi at 179, IIT Bombay at 202, IIT Madras at 254, IIT Kanpur at 271 and IIT Kharagpur at 286.
- The Times Asia Rankings featured IIT Roorkee, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, and IIT Madras at 55th, 57th, 65th, 69th and 78th respectively